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Mining facts

Gold, Nickel, fashion and Canadian mining

We can’t wait until the day we have a reason to dress up again!

Until then, let’s talk about how Canadian mining provides minerals that help shape fashion trends here and around the world. 

Gold  has been used for making jewelry for thousands of years. Artisans of ancient civilizations used gold lavishly in decorating tombs and temples, and gold objects made more than 5,000 years ago have been found in Egypt.

What makes gold such an excellent mineral for jewelry making? Special properties of gold make it perfect for manufacturing jewelry, including very high luster; desirable yellow color; tarnish resistance; ability to be drawn into wires, hammered into sheets, or cast into shapes. These are all properties of an attractive metal that is easily worked into beautiful objects. Another extremely important factor that demands the use of gold as a jewelry metal is tradition. Important objects are expected to be made from gold.

Gold is mined in 9 Canadian provinces and territories, and is the highest valued commodity produced in Canada by value of production. Demand for gold production continues to grow each year. In fact, half of the global demand for gold is used for jewelry production.

Nickel also plays an important role in fashion. Nickel is used to make earrings – and the posts assembled into pierced ears – necklaces, bracelets and chains, anklets, finger rings, wrist-watch cases, watch straps, rivet buttons, rivets, zippers and metal marks.

Canada ranks fifth in the world for nickel mining and refined nickel mining, with 7.7% of global mined production.

Categories
Exploration Mining facts

Copper, Gold, Indium, and Canadian mining in our lives

Never before in history has technology played such an integral role in our daily lives.

From Zoom meetings on our iPads, to multi-monitor at-home workstations, to celebrating a holiday with our loved ones through a screen, our devices are our access to the world.

Canadian mining provides the materials that make the devices the world uses to communicate.

In 2019, Canada mined over 577,000 metric tons of Copper. Many of the largest Copper mines in Canada, such as Teck’s Highland Valley Copper and Newcrest/ Imperial Metal’s Red Chris mine, are located in BC .

Copper is used in computer chips, car batteries, and electrical wire. A smartphone handset consists of approximately 40% metals, predominantly copper, gold, platinum, silver and tungsten.

Gold is mined in 9 Canadian provinces and territories, and is the highest valued commodity produced in Canada by value of production. Demand for gold production continues to grow each year.

Most gold is used for jewelry making, but approximately 7.6% of the demand for gold is for use in technology applications, mostly as a component of microcircuitry in a range of electronic products. Gold is also an essential element used in health care treatments and applications, including cancer treatment and rheumatoid arthritis treatment.

Indium is “the everyday metal you never see”. According to the USGS, Canada is one of the top six producers of indium in the world. In fact, Teck is a key contributor as one of the largest single source producers of indium in the world.

So what is Indium used in? This is best explained by a US publication, Mining News North:

“If you are reading this article on your computer, tablet or phone, you are almost certainly looking through indium, and if that devise happens to be a touchscreen, you have the unique properties of this critical mineral to thank as you scroll down to read more about indium and where it can be found in Alaska.

This is because indium-tin oxide is used as a transparent conducting film applied to virtually every flat-panel display and touchscreen on the market. This thin coating transforms incoming electrical data into an optical form.

When it comes to the combination of characteristics required for this widely used application – transparency; electrical conductivity; strong adherence to glass; corrosion resistance; and chemical and mechanical stability – indium-tin oxide has no equal.”

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Community Mining facts

Mount Polley is Canadian Mining, Hockey is Canada’s sport

Hockey is Canada’s Sport!

And mining plays a big role in making the sport possible.

Hockey sticks, skates and nets are all made of materials mined in Canada.

The most popular hockey sticks are one-piece composite sticks — typically of graphite, though unique materials such as Kevlar and titanium are also used, and occasionally coatings such as nickel cobalt are applied for added strength.

Blades on hockey skates are generally made of tempered steel and coated with a high-quality chrome. Some blade manufacturers may add titanium to the metal.

Graphite, titanium, steel, chrome, nickel and cobalt are all mined in Canada. In fact, Nickel was first discovered in Canada in 1883, and began being mined in the 1890s.

Today, Canada is one of the world’s five top five nickel-producing countries.